Science protection & Export Control in Science and Research
Export control regulations form part of the comprehensive national and international strategy which primarily seeks to prevent the dangers of proliferation , uncontrolled accumulation of conventional armaments, targeted human rights violations, and the threats of international terrorism.
The control regulations equally apply to private individuals such as scientists, but also to legal entities such as research institutions or developing and manufacturing companies - regardless of the motivation and purpose of their activity. The objective potential for misuse is the sole criterion.
Lists of especially critical goods are agreed at international level. Consistent control of these goods aims to ensure that they do not contribute to a WMD (weapons of mass destruction) programme.
Every scientist and every research institution must assume their own responsibility in the area of export control. On the one hand, this concerns the export of goods (e.g. laboratory equipment, test equipment), in particular the export of embodied technology (in e-mails, on data carriers, in clouds, etc.), and on the other hand, the non-embodied ("intangible") transfer of knowledge, the transfer of know-how, i.e. so-called "technical assistance". This responsibility cannot be delegated.
Information for researchers handling export control and the goods and technologies concerned is provided in the BAFA handbook “Exportkontrolle und Academia” (Export Control and Academia). The BAFA publication „Exportkontrolle und das BAFA” (Export Control and BAFA) also offers a general overview of export control.
In the case of corresponding or questionable processes, the intended admission/supervision of external academics for research activities at the university, etc., a sanction list check (compliance) is therefore required in advance in every case.